Rural Local Bodies

The Karnataka Panchayat Raj Act 1993

Section 5

(2) Seats shall, subject to the general or special order of the State Election Commission, be reserved by the Deputy Commissioner in a Grama Panchayat,-

(a) for the Scheduled Castes; and

(b) for the Scheduled Tribes; and the number of seats so reserved shall bear as nearly as may be, the same proportion to the total number of seats in the Grama Panchayat as the population of the Scheduled Castes in the Panchayat area or of the Scheduled Tribes in the Panchayat area bears to the total population of the Panchayat area:

Provided that at least one seat each shall be reserved in a Grama Panchayat for the persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes:

Provided further that, if no person belonging to the Scheduled Castes is available the seats reserved for that category shall also be filled by the persons belonging to Scheduled Tribes and vice-versa.

(3) Such number of seats which shall, as nearly as may be one-third of the total number of seats of the Grama Panchayat shall, subject to the general or special order of the State Election Commission be reserved by the Deputy Commissioner for persons belonging to the Backward classes.

Provided that out of the seats reserved under this sub-section, eighty percent of the total number of such seats shall, subject to the general or special order of the State Election Commission be reserved by the Deputy Commissioner for the persons falling under category "A" and the remaining twenty percent of the seats shall, subject to the general or special order of the State Election Commission be reserved by the Deputy Commissioner for the persons falling under category "B":

Provided further that if no person falling under category "A" is available, the seats reserved for that category shall also be filled by the persons falling under category "B" and vice versa.

Explanation: For the purpose of this sub-section, proviso to clause (b) of sub-section (2) of Section 44, sub-section (2) of Section 123, clause (b) of sub-section (2) of Section 138, sub-section (2) of Section 162 and clause (b) of sub-section (2) of Section 177, categories "A" and "B" shall mean category "A" and "B" referred to in clause (2) of Section 2.

(4) Not less than one-third of the seats reserved in each category, for persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes and of the non-reserved seats in the Grama Panchayat shall, subject to the general or special order of the State Election Commission be reserved by the Deputy Commissioner for women:

Provided that the seats reserved under sub-sections (2), (3) and (4) shall be allotted by rotation, to different constituencies in the panchayat area:

Provided further, that nothing contained in this section shall be deemed to prevent a woman or a person belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes or Backward Classes for whom seats have been reserved in a Grama Panchayat from standing for election to any non-reserved seat in such Grama Panchayat.

(5) Subject to the provisions of sub-sections (2), (3) and (4), and subject to the general or special order of the State Election Commission, the Deputy Commissioner shall, by notification, determine,-

(a) the constituencies into which the area within the jurisdiction of every Grama Panchayat shall be divided for the purpose of elections to every Grama Panchayat;

(b) the extent of each constituency;

(c) the number of seats, if any, reserved for the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, Backward Classes or women in each constituency; and

(d) the number of seats allotted to each constituency which shall be one or more.


Section 123

Reservation of Seats.- Seats are to be reserved by the State Election Commission in a Taluk Panchayat.-

Section 162

Reservation of seats.- Seats are to be reserved by the State Election Commission in the Zilla Panchayat,-


Section 44

(1) Every Grama Panchayat shall, within one month from the date of publication of names of elected members under sub- section (8) of Section 5, or immediately before the expiry of term of office of Adhyaksha and Upadhyaksha] choose two members of the Grama Panchayat to be respectively Adhyaksha and Upadhyaksha. In the event of occurrence of any vacancy by reason of death, resignation, removal or otherwise in the office of Adhyaksha or Upadhyaksha, the Grama Panchayat shall choose another member to be the Adhyaksha or the Upadhyaksha, as the case may be.

(2) Subject to the general or special order of the State Election Commission, the Deputy Commissioner shall reserve:

a) Such number of offices of Adhyaksha and Upadhyaksha of Grama Panchayats in the state for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and the number of such offices bearing as nearly as may be the same proportion to the total number of the offices in the state as the population of the Scheduled Castes in the state or of the Scheduled Tribes in the state bears to the total population of the state:

b) Such number of offices of Adhyakshas and Upadhyakshas of the Grama Panchayats, which shall as nearly as may be, one-third of the total number of office of Adhyaksha and Upadhyaksha in the state for the persons belonging to the Backward Classes:

Provided that out of the offices reserved under this clause eighty per cent of the total number of such offices shall be reserved for the persons falling under category `A' and the remaining twenty per cent of the offices shall be reserved for the persons falling under category `B';

Provided further that if no person falling under category `A' is available, the offices reserved for that category shall also be filled by the persons falling under category `B' and vice versa;

c)Not less than one-third of the total number of offices of Adhyaksha and Upadhyaksha of Grama Panchayats in the State from each of the categories which are reserved for persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes and of those which are non-reserved, for women:

Provided that the offices reserved under this sub-section shall be allotted by rotation to different Grama Panchayats.

Explanation:

For the removal of doubts it is hereby declared that the principle of rotation for purposes of reservation of offices under this section shall commence from the first election to be held after the commencement of the Karnataka Panchayat Raj Act, 1993

Urban Local Bodies

The Karnataka Municipal Corporations Act, 1976

Section 7

Reservation of Seats.- Seats are to be reserved by the Government.

Section 10 : Mayor and Deputy Mayor

Seats are to be reserved by the Government.

The Karnataka Municipalities Act, 1964

Section 11

Reservation of Seats.- Seats are to be reserved by the Government.

Section 42 : President and Vice president.

Seats are to be reserved by the Government.